Irritable Bowel Syndrome

irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a digestive disorder that causes abdominal pain, bloating and changes in bowel habits. This condition can be severe and affect your quality of life. It is the most common gastrointestinal disease in adults and is usually seen in women more than men.

The reason for IBS is not known, but researchers believe that it’s caused by a combination of factors, including genetics, stress and a lack of good bacteria in the gut. These factors can trigger a reaction in the intestinal nerves, which connects your brain to your digestive tract.

Millions of nerve cells reside in the lining of your digestive tract. These nerves control digestion and tell your bowels when to contract, move and secrete fluids. When your gut’s nerves become too active, they can cause the intestine to overreact and spasm, which can lead to diarrhea or constipation. 과민성대장증후군치료

Symptoms typically begin in the teenage years or early adulthood and are more common in women than men. The condition can be triggered by certain medications, such as a sulfonamide antibiotic, and may also happen after a bacterial or parasitic infection of the bowel.

If you have IBS, you’ll need to make lifestyle changes and take medicine to treat the symptoms. Your doctor will help you figure out what foods, medicines and emotional stress are your triggers. Then you’ll learn to relax and avoid those things.

A dietitian can help you with a diet that works for you. The diet should include plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and nuts. It should also include supplemental fiber, which helps to keep your bowels regular. A bulk-forming fiber supplement, such as psyllium or methylcellulose, can be helpful to increase the amount of fiber in your diet.

Other treatments for IBS include antispasmodic drugs, such as dicyclomine or hyoscyamine, which are used to relax the smooth muscle in your colon and reduce the pain, bloating and urgency of your bowel movements. Some over-the-counter preparations of peppermint oil also have similar effects.

Eating less gluten, a type of protein found in wheat, barley and rye, has been shown to reduce the frequency of diarrhea in people who have IBS. However, it’s not clear if this works for everyone.

Stress management and behavioral therapy can also be effective for some people with IBS, although these treatments aren’t a cure. The best way to deal with stress and anxiety is to talk about them openly with your doctor. 해우소한의원

Mood disorders and depression can also make IBS worse. If you’re feeling down, talk to your doctor about trying an antidepressant medication.

In addition, acupuncture and massage have been shown to relieve symptoms. In addition, some people with IBS experience positive results from gut-focused hypnotherapy, which teaches patients to control the symptoms of their disorder.

Some people who have IBS also have a food intolerance or malnourishment. A dietitian can suggest a FODMAP diet to cut out certain carbohydrates that are hard for your body to digest.